So in case of hypopnea there is intermittent collapse of the upper airway and reductions in blood oxygen levels during sleep. A sleeping person becomes incapable to breathe normally and awakens with each collapse. As a result the quality of sleep is reduced considerably. If hypopnea is not treated the consequences of the disease can be really deplorable. They include:
- cognitive disfunction,
- memory loss,
- coronary artery disease,
- heart attack,
The most common and effective treatment of hypopnea is continuous positive airway pressure or CPAP. A patient puts up a mask over his face (nose or mouth) and an air blower forces air through the upper airway. The air pressure is adjusted in a way to avoid the upper airway tissues from collapsing during sleep. Also mild hypopnea can be treated by losing weight, refusing from alcohol and smoking before sleep, doing certain excercises that strengthen gullet muscles, avoiding sleeping on your back and some more.